Specifications, Service and Repair of Farm and Lawn Tractors

John Deere 5300, 5400, 5500 Hydraulics, Hitch, PTO and Drawbar

JD 5500, 5400, 5300 Hydraulic System

Warming Hydraulic System Oil

- Hydraulic system may be slow in function when tractor is started in cold weather.
- This is because cold oil will not flow easily through the filter screen or hydraulic system filter.
- Steering is also slow until system warms up.
- Hydraulic system will function normally when oil warms up.
- Start engine and let it run at about 1000 rpm. Turn and hold steering wheel in full left or right turn.

Remote Hydraulic Cylinders

Use Correct Hose Tips - If John Deere 5300, 5400, 5500 tractor is equipped with a selective control valve (SCV), the couplers receptacles accept a standard hose tip as recommended by ISO1 and SAE2. Adapters are available to allow connecting the older John Deere hose tips to the ISO couplers on your tractor.

Control Lever and Coupler Identification

The tractor can be fitted with:

- One double acting valve (located on the left-hand side of the seat) with a lock function which holds the control lever in the "Raise" or "Lower" position until it is moved manually.
- One or two single or double acting valves (located on the left-hand side of the seat) without lock function.
- Fore-and-aft movement of lever operates the upper right coupler receptacles.
- Fore-and-aft movement of lever operates the upper left coupler receptacles (if equipped).
- Fore-and-aft movement of lever operates the lower left coupler receptacles (if equipped).

Maximum Permissible Oil Withdrawal

To operate large hydraulic cylinders such as those used on tipping trailers, 10 liters (2.6 U.S. gal.) of oil may be drawn from the transmission case through the connecting lines. This figure applies when the oil in the transmission case is at the minimum mark on the dipstick. If the oil is up to the maximum mark, a further 5 liters (1.3 U.S. gal.) may be withdrawn.

Never perform heavy jobs such as towing, operating a PTO or driving fast when withdrawal results in the oil level dropping below the minimum mark. If required, a further 10 liters (2.6 U.S. gal.) may be added to the transmission case; this increases the amount that may be withdrawn accordingly. During oil withdrawal, the tractor should not be inclined in any direction by more than 18°. If 5300, 5400, 5500 John Deere tractor is inclined by more than 18°, only a correspondingly lower quantity of oil may be withdrawn. For refilling, use only HY-GARD Transmission and Hydraulic Oil or its equivalent.

Connecting Cylinder Hoses

- Remove dust caps (if equipped) from hose ends. Pull dust plugs from couplers.
- Make sure hose end and coupler receptacles are clean.
- Check hoses to see which is used for extending cylinder.
- This hose must be connected to coupler receptacle in order to extend cylinder when SCV levers are moved rearward or inward.
- To connect each hose, push hose tip firmly into coupler receptacle.
- Pull lightly on hose to make sure connection is tight.

Connecting Hose Under Pressure - Implement must be raised slightly, by pulling back lever to reset coupler check valves, before it can be lowered. If hoses should accidentally be disconnected from tractor during use, clean hose tip and coupler receptacle. Hoses can be reinstalled as previously described with minimal loss of oil.

Connecting Single-Acting Cylinder - The volume of oil required to extend cylinder must not lower transmission- hydraulic oil level below end of dip- stick. Check oil level with cylinder fully extended. In order for lever to work properly, a single-acting cylinder should be connected only to receptacle.

Neutral Lever Position - Spring pressure returns lever to a centered position. With the control lever in this position, the remote cylinder is hydraulically locked in position. When released, levers return automatically to center position because they do not have a detent position.

Retracting Cylinder - Pull lever from neutral slightly to the rear and hold it against spring pressure. This retracts cylinder connected to No. I SCV, II SCV or III SCV coupler receptacles. When released, levers return automatically to center position because they do not have a detent position.

Extending Cylinder - Push lever slightly forward and hold it against spring pressure. This extends cylinder connected to No. I SCV, II SCV or III SCV coupler receptacles. When released, levers return automatically to center position because they do not have a detent position.

Disconnecting Cylinder Hoses

- If possible, retract remote cylinder as much as possible to protect cylinder rod from damage.
- With as much hydraulic pressure as possible relieved from hoses, pull hoses from couplers.
- Make sure dust plugs for receptacles and dust caps for hoses are clean, then reinstall.

Return Line to Sump - For some applications (front loader for example) it may be necessary to connect the oil return hose to the sump via quick coupler.

John Deere 5500, 5400, 5300 Power Take-Off

Attaching PTO-Driven Implement

- Turn key off to stop engine.
- If Power Take-Off driven implement will be attached to drawbar, the drawbar must be positioned so there is 400 mm (15.7 in.) between end of PTO shaft and center of drawbar pin hole. Make sure drawbar locking pins and spring pins are in place. If implement will be connected to three-point hitch, be sure drawbar will not interfere. Remove it if necessary.
- There are two holes at the front of the drawbar. Place the drawbar pin in the second hole for the proper 400 mm (15.7 in.) distance. When using the first hole, a distance of 450 mm (17.7 in.) is obtained.
- Attach implement to JD 5300, 5400, 5500 tractor before connecting PTO drive line. Lock hitch in upward position if it is not to be used.
- Rotate PTO shield upward for clearance. With engine off, turn shaft slightly by hand if necessary to line up splines. Connect drive line to PTO shaft. Pull out on shaft to be sure drive line is locked to PTO shaft. Place PTO shield in downward position.
- Be sure all shields are in place and in good condition. Never operate PTO unless master shield is properly installed. WITH ENGINE STOPPED, check integral shields on drive line by making sure they rotate freely on shaft. Lubricate or repair as necessary.
- Check carefully for any interference, make sure hitch is locked in the up position if it is not used.

Operating Tractor Power Take-Off at Correct Speed

Engine will not start if PTO clutch lever is engaged.

- Start engine and push hand throttle lever forward until tachometer indicates PTO rated speed of 2100 rpm for standard 540 and 1000 operation or 1500 rpm for 540E operation.
- Select the PTO speed if the John Deere 5300, 5400, 5500 tractor is equipped with 540 and 540E or 540 and 1000 PTO option. Move lever forward for 540 or rearward for 540E or 1000 operation. Position is neutral. This lever is on the rear of the gearbox. If dual speed PTO is not provided, this lever will not be installed. The PTO speed selector lever must only be used when no equipment is connected to the PTO.
- Make sure that lever on the left fender is in rear position (independent PTO operation) 1.
- Move control lever inward and forward to engage PTO. PTO indicator will light when PTO is engaged.
- Pull control lever back to disengage Power Take-Off.
- For ground speed PTO operation move lever 1 forward. In this case, PTO engagement is independent from position of control lever.

Adjusting PTO Clutch Operating Rod

- Remove clip pin from forward end of PTO clutch lever. Loosen lock nut from rear of front clevis.
- Adjust length of rod so the clip pin can be inserted with the rod pulled forward and the arm pulled rearward to eliminate freeplay.
- Lengthen rod by 1/2 turn of the clevis to provide a slight amount of lever freeplay.
- Reinstall clip pin in clevis and arm. Check for equal thread engagement at each end of the PTO clutch rod.
- Lock nut at the rear (not shown) can be loosened and the rod turned to equalize thread engagement (Power Take-Off adjustment is not affected).
- Retighten lock nuts at each end of rod.

JD 5300, 5400, 5500 Three-Point Hitch

Rockshaft Control Levers

- The rockshaft position is controlled by two levers, the position control lever and the draft control lever.
- The position control lever raises the hitch when pulled rearward and lowers the hitch when moved forward.
- The draft control lever controls hitch position relative to draft loads.

Using Rockshaft Position Control - Move draft control lever forward when you dont want rockshaft to adjust automatically to draft load, such as attaching implement to tractor. Use position control lever to control hitch movement and depth.

Position control should be used for the following applications: TRANSPORT of implements and end of field turn-around. Position control lever should be moved fully rearwardfor transport for both load and non-load sensing usage. CONSTANT DEPTH of implements on level terrain and for non-ground engaging implements such as spreaders or sprayers. Place position control lever at depth desired. FLOAT operation for implements with skids or depth gauge wheels designed to carry full implement weight. Push both levers all the way forward so implement can follow the ground contour.

Position Control Lever Stop - For convenience, set adjustable depth. Operate implement a few minutes to determine proper height, then unscrew ring nut. Move stop up against lever, and lock stop in position by tightening ring nut. Rockshaft will then lower to same position each time lever is pushed forward to stop.

Using Draft Control - The rockshaft is equipped with a variable draft control system.

Use draft load sensing when:

- Operating with a fully mounted implement in hilly and swale terrain. The implement will raise and lower to follow the ground contours while maintaining a nearly constant depth.
- Operating in varying soil conditions. The implement is raised slightly to get through tough spots so you do not have to shift to a lower gear.

Draft control lever controls amount of load required before hitch responds. With lever moved fully forward to the position marked "off", there is no draft sensing. Placing the lever toward the rear position reduces the amount of draft load required to override the position setting set by the position control lever and raise the rockshaft. Draft sensitivity ranges can be changed by repositioning the center link. For draft load sensing operation, initially move position control lever in its fully forward position and the draft control lever in the fully rearward (least draft) position.

Then, with 5400, 5300, 5500 John Deere tractor moving, push the draft control lever forward to increase the load to the desired setting. Pull control lever rearward to set maximum depth of implement. Set position control lever stop so control lever can be brought back to the same position each time. The maximum depth will prevent the rockshaft from lowering all the way when the tractor begins to slip. The position control lever can also be raised slightly to override the draft control setting to help get through slippery spots without getting stuck. The position control lever can be moved fully rearward to raise the hitch at the end of the field.

Adjusting Rockshaft Rate-of-Drop - Turn rockshaft rate-of-drop adjusting knob clockwise to slow down rockshaft drop. Turn counterclockwise to increase rate-of-drop.

Converting Category 2 Hitch to Category 1 - Tractor center link and draft link ends are sized for Category II implement attaching pins. If Category 1 implements are to be used, the Category 2 hitch can be converted to Category 1 by inserting bushing to reduce the size of the center link end and using the smaller pin through the
implement mast, and by adding bushings to end of draft links.

Positioning Center Link

The center link attaching bracket has holes which allow three different positions for attaching the center link. The position effects the draft sensing sensitivity.

Move the center link attachment to holes if: Excessive hitch activity or hunting occurs in draft control operation. The rear of the implement raises too much when lifted. The implement weight which can be lifted is reduced slightly with the center link attached in the lower holes. The draft control lever range is too small.

Move the center link attachment to holes if: The hitch seems unresponsive in draft control operation and allows the engine speed to drop too far before raising the rockshaft. The rear of the implement droops and drags the ground as the implement is lifted.

Attaching Implements to 3-Point Hitch

- Be sure drawbar will not interfere. If necessary, move drawbar ahead or remove it. Check for any other potential interference.
- Back John Deere 5300, 5400, 5500 tractor up to implement so that hitch points are in line. Engage parking brake and stop the engine before leaving the tractor's seat.
- Slip draft links over implement hitch pins, and retain with quick-lock pins.
- Locking pins can be stored on draft links when not in use.

Quick-Coupling (Hook-Type) Draft Links - These draft links are intended for Category I and Category II implements. Implements can be attached to and removed from the draft links without the driver having to leave his seat.

Attaching implement

- Adjust draft links to the dimension of implements by means of adjusting rod (if equipped).
- With draft links lowered, reverse tractor until the coupler hooks are below the implement hitch pins.
- Make absolutely certain that implement is correctly locked to coupler hooks.
- Slowly raise draft links until pins are engaged in coupler hooks and locked into position.
- Adjust center link to the required length and attach to top attaching point of implement mast.
- To remove center link from transport hook, lift center link locking clip.
- Attach center link to implement top mast. Adjust center link and lift links as necessary.
- Using position control lever, lower and raise implement slowly and check for any point of interference.

Leveling the John Deere 5400, 5300, 5500 Hitch

- Lower implement to take weight off hitch.
- Adjust center link to level implement front-to-rear: Unlatch locking clip. Loosen ring nut. Rotate center link body clockwise to lengthen center link or counterclockwise to shorten it. Length of link must be kept within the following limits (measured at the center link ends): min. length = 530 mm (20.87 in) / max. length = 730 mm (28.74 in).
- Maximum adjustment range of the center link can only be obtained if the ends are positioned equally within the body when attached to an implement.
- After the adjustment is completed, tighten ring nut. Re-latch the locking clip if link is not in use.
- Adjusting right-hand or left-hand link to level implement side to side: Loosen nut, turn crank handle clockwise to raise draft link, turn crank handlecounterclockwise to lower draft link.
- After adjustment, tighten nut onto the lower body to prevent change of adjustment during operation. Length of links must be kept within the following limits: minimum length 500 mm (19.7 in.) / maximum length 670 mm (26.4 in.).

Adjusting Rockshaft Control Lever Friction - If rockshaft position control lever or draft control lever do not stay in set position, increase relevant lever friction by tightening draft control lever bolt and/or position control lever bolt until the desired friction is obtained.

Selecting Drawbar Position - For drawn PTO-driven implements, drawbar must be in the short position (as shown) to provide 400 mm (15.7 in.) between drawbar hitch hole and end of PTO shaft. For maximum traction and efficiency, drawbar should be positioned in the center, short position.

Adjusting John Deere 5300, 5400, 5500 Drawbar Length - Remove pin and drawbar pin. Slide drawbar to desired position. Re-install drawbar pin and insert pin.

Using Swinging Drawbar - Drawbar pins can be removed to let drawbar swing freely. This is helpful when turning under load.

Height Adjustable Trailer Hitches - These hitches can be adjusted up or down according to the implement height and to obtain clearance for the center link or PTO operation. Depending on legal requirements in the different countries, hitches of EEC or CUNA type are available.

Adjusting Hitch Height

- To adjust hitch height, remove locking pin on each side.
- Support hitch safely and remove side pins.
- Move hitch to the required position, re-install side pins, remove support and install locking pins.

Adjusting Sliding Hitch Height

- Support hitch with one hand and with the other hand pull quick release lever to the right.
- Move hitch to the required position and push the quick release lever to the left and down to lock it.
- Make sure that the side locking pins have fully engaged in the side support slots.
- If necessary, hitch can be completely removed by pulling the end stroke plate.

Pick-Up Hitch

This type of hitch is operated via the rockshaft and a bowden cable.

Attaching an Implement

- From the operator's seat, raise the draft links fully using position control lever. Pull handle firmly to unlatch the hitching mechanism.
- While the handle is still pulled (latching hooks disengaged) lower three-point hitch to the desired position. Release handle.
- Reverse the JD 5300, 5400, 5500 tractor carefully, making sure that the hook does not dig into the soil.
- Before hitching up the implement, make sure the latching hooks have been returned to their engaged position by spring force.
- Raise the draft links (and thus the pick-up hitch) so that the hook engages in the towing eye of the implement.
- Continue raising until the bottom frame locks in position behind the locking hooks.
- Lower the draft links so that the weight of the implement and bottom frame is supported by the hitch frame and not by the lift arms.
- Make sure that the implement is hitched correctly and locked securely.

Hook/Drawbar

- It is possible to replace the hook of the pickup hitch with a drawbar.
- To do this, proceed as described previously under points 1 to 4, then SHUT OFF the tractor engine, and change the hook or drawbar.
- Take care to re-install all securing pins and inspect hitch pivots for obstructions.
- If necessary, the drawbar can be swung to the side by moving the appropriate securing pin when the drawbar is being installed or when the hitch is unlatched.
- Make sure that the drawbar is not free to swing within the sub-frame while in use, and always operate the tractor with care when towing offset trailed equipment so that the tractor does not become unstable and turn over.
- It is possible to adjust the drawbar to two different lengths to suit PTO-driven equipment. Dont use the extended position to tow heavy weights.

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